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  您当前的位置 :教育频道 > 英语天地 > 英语写作 正文

四六级写作必用的关键词汇及短语


http://www.66wz.com    2007-04-18 16:25  

  寡人平时仍然坚持读报纸或者书籍时刻积累我将来自己写作时可以用到的词汇,这个建议希望大家不光是在应试英语的时候很应试的去这样做,应当养成一种习惯,你会发现,几乎所有同学的写作或者口语问题,都是不知道用哪个词,不知道用什么词,并不是语法问题,逻辑问题,那么把那些浩瀚的词库(例如四级要求4500,考研要求6500,托福要求8000,GRE要求12000)加以应用化,精简化,因为很多同学即便单词都会记住了,依然不知道用什么词,至少不能短期反应过来,因为你脑中有太浩瀚的非应用性词汇,一定要在脑子里还要有一个写作词库。下面列举一部分,很适合各个梯度的考试的写作用词,第一,直接面向常用的高频意思表达,第二,更加地道。

  一些a range of ; a variety of ; a series of ; an array of

  无数innumerable ; countless

  许多plenty of ; many ; much ; a great deal of ; a lot of ; ample

  非常多(大)的tremendous

  依序列举list in sequence

  时间词

  过时的outdated ; antiquated ; outmoded ; obsolete ; anachronistic

  短暂的ephemeral ; transitory ; transient ; short-lived

  不合时宜的anachronism

  可持久的durable ; able to stand wear ; last a long time

  一再time after time ; again and again

  初始的preliminary

  前述的aforementioned ; aforesaid ; former

  自古到今from ancient times to the present day ; down through the ages

  年轻人young people ; youngster ; youth ; young adult

  老式的old-fashioned ; out of date ; dated

  偶尔from time to time ; now and then ; once in a while ; at times

  时常often ; frequently ; repeatedly

  永远的eternal ; perpetual ; lasting throughout life

  重整办事优先顺序reshape priorities

  目前so far ; by far

  一次就可完成的事one-time event

  正/反意见(opinion)

  骂yell at ; reprimand ; chide ; scold ; reprove

  支持support ; endorse ; back up ; uphold

  谴责condemn ; express strong disapproval of

  错的mistaken ; erroneous ; wrong incorrect

  错事wrongdoing ; had acts ; misbehavior

  做相反的do the reverse of ; do the opposite

  归咎blame…on ; put the blame on … ; …is to blame

  瓦解disintegrate ; break up ; separate into small parts

  支持某一方in favor of ; on the side of

  不会犯错的infallible

  意见不和clashes of opinion

  一致的unanimous ; in complete agreement

  不恰当inappropriate ; improper ; unsuitable ; inadequate

  批判criticize ; blame; find fault with ; make judgments of the merits and faults of…

  我们想念…we are convinced that…; we are certain that..

  我愿意I incline to; I am inclined to; I am willing to; I tend to

  有用的useful ; of use; serviceable; good for; instrumental; productive

  有意义的meaningful; fulfilling

  他们不愿承认这一点they have always been reluctant to admit this…

  在大家同意下by common consent of…

  否定deny; withhold; negate

  承认admit; acknowledge; confess; concede

  于事无补of no help; of no avail; no use

  使…受益benefit…; do good to…; is good for…; is of great benefit to…

  想法frame of mind; mind set; the way one is thinking

  想出come up with

  找出come up with; find out

  利用use; take advantage of

  夸耀brag about; boast about; show off; speak too highly of

  照顾take care of; take charge of; attend to; watch over

  对…很了解have a deep knowledge of…

  对抗权威stand up against authority; resisit boldly the authority

  对…有信心have confidence in

  说清楚articulate; verbalize; put in words; utter

  接受…之美意embrace the offer of…

  累积amass; accumulate; heap up; assemble

  连系tact; get in touch with; contact with

  排除这可能性rule out the possibility

  等于is equivalent to; equal

  选择choose; elect; opt for; pick; single out

  发出deliver; give out; hand over

  绕路detour; take a detour; take a roundabout way

  禁止进入is kept out; is barred from

  小看make little of

  坏了out of order; on the blink; is not working

  分别distinguish between; make a distinction between; tell…from

  依靠count on; depend on

  忽视neglect; give too little care to

  存在come to be; come into existence; come to birth; come into being

  考虑consider; take into consideration; take into account

  考虑到in consideration of

  用尽力气exhaust one’s strength; use up one’s strength

  开动initiate; set going

  准备…brace for; prepare for

  在于lie in; rest on; rest with

  主动take the initiative

  不算exclusive of; not counting; leaving out

  应该得到deserve; have right to; is worthy of

  避免avoid; shun; get around; circumvent

  幻想fantasy; play of the mind

  以此标准来算by this criterion; by this standard

  乍看之下at first glance

  面对in the face of; in the presence of

  以by means of; by virtue of; by the use of

  不惜代价at all costs

  每况愈下from bad to worse

  承受错误造成的后果in reaping the harvest of his mistakes

  取得同意…get the go-ahead to

  不择手段unscrupulously; by hook or by crook

  想法与作法beliefs and practices

  内情ins and outs; turns and twists

  关键时刻the critical moment

  虽然although; notwithstanding; albeit; though

  根据according to; on the basis of; on the ground of (that); in the light of; in line with; in accordance with

  逃避问题evade the question

  增大enlarge; extend; aggrandize

  澄清clarify; make clear

  赔偿compensate for; give…as compensation for

  实现carry out; implement; realize; make…come true

  假定suppose; assume; postulate; hypothesize

  极端的radical; extreme

  极端的措施drastic measures

  剩下的the rest; the remainder; what is left

  换言之in other words; put another way

  结果result; aftermath; consequence

  优点advantage; strength; strong point; merit; benefit

  简言之put simply; in short; in brief; in a nutshell

  举例而言for instance; for example; to illustrate; let us cite特别是an illustration; to cite a concrete case

  特别是especially; more than others; particularly; in particular

  既然…now that…; seeing that…

  迹象inkling; hint; clue; a slight suggestion

  缺点disadvantage; demerit; shortcoming; drawback; weakness

  除去do away with; eliminate; remove; get rid of

  缺少for lack of; for a deficiency of

  毕竟after all; all in all

  范围scope; field; realm

  潜力potential;

  行为conduct; behavior; doings

  隔绝isolate; insulate

  分辨出identify; recognize

  不易懂的elusive; hard to understand

  展开unfold

  回馈feedback

  主导的人物a dominant figure; a controlling man; the most influential person

  观点viewpoint; point of view; perspective; standpoint

  正在进行中is underway

  只是一种姿态is merely a gesture

  立场position; stand; stance

  意向inclination; leaning; intention

  特权privilege; a special right

  来自stem from; come from

  一件事的不同说法alternative statements of fact

  交织intertwine; interweave

  好奇心the eager desire to know; curiosity

  尊敬respect; esteem; think highly of

  顽固的headstrong; obstinate; stubborn

  暗淡的gloomy; dark; dim

  巨大的huge; gigantic; colossal; vast; enormous; tremendous

  探索explore; fathom

  执行carry out; execute; do

  现代modern times; modern age; contemporary age

  偏见prejudice; bias; partiality; predilection

  混乱chaos; commotion; confusion; disturbance; tumult

  无弹性(僵硬)rigid

  无缺点的flawless; airtight

  无药可救incurable

  无法避免的unavoidable; inevitable

  细密的计划elaborate plan

  取消cancel; annul; abolish

  解药a cure for…; a remedy for;

  谜puzzle; riddle; enigma

  机会平等equality of opportunity

  较有影响力的国家a predominant country

  遵守abide by; conform to; observe; comply with

  热情的passionate; ardent; zealous

  模糊的ambiguous; vague; obscure

  影响长远的far-reaching

  失望despair; loss of hope; without hope

  幼稚childish; childlike; na飗e

  挑剔的picky; choosy; fastidious

  破坏destroy; ruin; break to pieces; devasate

  技巧的skillful; adept; dexterous

  警觉的alert; watchful; on guard; wary of

  忍受bear; put up with; endure; stand

  证据evidence; facts; proof; grounds; testimony

  很容易地easily; with little problem; with little hindrance

  令人惊讶的amazing; astonishing; astounding

  生动的报导vivid description

  争取compete for; try hard to win

  遗产heritage; legacy; inheritance

  保护protect; safeguard; preserve; shelter

  了解understand; comprehend; catch the meaning of; catch on

  汇露reveal; make known; disclose

  放大amplify; magnify; enlarge

  动力impetus; driving force; momentum

  自满的complacent

  第一流的first-rate; excellent

  安全处refuge; asylum; haven; sanctuary

  强调emphasize; stress; highlight

  短视的决定short-sighted decision

  真正的genuine; authentic; real

  怪异的eccentric; peculiar; odd

  明显的distinct; clear; explicit; obvious

  得到…的注意capture one’s attention

  事事干涉的meddlesome; interfering

  背景setting; background

  假的fake; false; counterfeit

  夸大报导dramatize

  退步setback

  古人the ancients

  古老的old; ancient; archaeic

  逃犯infringe (on); violate

  使害怕intimidate; frighten

  带来生气enliven

  对手rival

  吸引人的intriguing

  旁观者onlooker

  准确地说to be exact; to be precise; precisely

  突然醒悟it dawned on me that

  仔细思考之后after long deliberation; after careful thought

  对比及其相关用词

  可互换的interchangeable

  可与…相比is comparable with (to)

  普遍的prevailing; common; prevalent

  是一个对比is a sharp contrast to

  比作is likened to; is compared to

  多样化的heterogeneous

  单一性的homogeneous

  一般而言in general; generally speaking; by and large

  满于现状be happy with what you are

  预测未来project into the future

  另一个观点是… another way of looking at the matter is…

  不宜取笑… it is not decent to make fun of…

  评估社会文化因素assess (evaluate) sociocultural factors

  那并非说… that does not mean that…

  那有这回事there is no such thing as

  一个有待克服的困难是… a major hurdle for us to overcome is…

  由…造成caused by; attributable to; due to; resulting from

  由…组成is made up of…; is comprised of; consist

  必须从两方面考虑此问题this problem needs to be considered on two dimensions:

  限制limit; restrict; refrain; restrain; keep within limits; confine; keep in check

  一般人认为… conventional wisdom suggests that…

  这方法有陷阱the method had pitfalls:

  说服convince; persuade; cause to believe

  具体的specific; concrete; tangible

  刻意的intentional; on purpose; intended

  费时间去了解…take time to acquaint oneself with…

  …是此问题的核心…is at the root of the issue

  无法估计is beyond calculation; incalculable

  无资格的disqualified

 
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